Common treatments for melasma include prescribed topical medicines that are applied to the skin or in other cases, procedures tailored to a person's skin type.
Sun exposure triggers melasma
Melasma causes brown to gray-brown patches on the face. Most people get it on their cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip. It also can appear on other parts of the body that get lots of sun, such as the forearms and neck.
Treatment can include prescription strength creams and lotions. You may also want to consider discussing cosmetic procedures such as chemical peels or microdermabrasion.
One of the most common treatments for melasma is sun protection. This means wearing sunscreen every day and reapplying the sunscreen every 2 hours. Dermatologists also recommend wearing a wide-brimmed hat when you are outside. Sunscreen alone may not give you the protection you need.
Women are far more likely than men to get melasma. It is so common during pregnancy that some people call it the mask of pregnancy. Hormones seem to trigger melasma.